Friday, February 10, 2012

Queen's Diamond Jubilee: Timeline of the Queen's reign - Telegraph

Queen's Diamond Jubilee: Timeline of the Queen's reign

Here are some of the major events and milestones of the Queen's reign.

Official Diamond Jubilee portrait of Queen Elizabeth II photographed in the Centre Room of Buckingham Palace, overlooking The Victoria Memorial Statue

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Official Diamond Jubilee portrait of Queen Elizabeth II photographed in the Centre Room of Buckingham Palace, overlooking The Victoria Memorial Statue Photo: CAMERA PRESS/John Swannell

1952 George VI dies and Princess Elizabeth becomes Queen. Flood devastates the Devon village of Lynmouth. Mau Mau uprising in Kenya.

1953 Sweet rationing ends in Britain. Queen Mary dies. Everest is conquered on the eve of the Coronation.

1954 Study links cancer to smoking. Crash grounds BOAC's Comet aircraft. French defeated at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam. Elvis Presley releases his first record. Roger Bannister breaks the four-minute mile record.

1955 Cyprus goes on strike against British rule. Sir Winston Churchill resigns as prime minister due to his failing health. The Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies. Princess Margaret calls off plans to marry Group Captain Peter Townsend.

1956 Hungarian uprising and Suez crisis. Teddy Boys rock around the clock. Prince Rainier III of Monaco marries American film actress Grace Kelly.

1957 Prime Minister Harold Macmillan tells a Tory rally: "Most of our people have never had it so good." Treaty of Rome sets up European Economic Community (EEC). Russians launch the Sputnik satellite, the first man-made object ever to leave the Earth's atmosphere.

1958 Race riots flare in Notting Hill. Munich air crash kills Manchester United players.

1959 The Mini car makes its first appearance and the first UK motorway, the M1, opens.

1960 Macmillan's Wind of Change speech. Princess Margaret marries Tony Armstrong-Jones.

1961 John F Kennedy succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as US president. Berlin Wall rises. Soviet Union puts first man, Yuri Gagarin, into space.

1962 US spaceman John Glenn orbits the Earth. The Cuban Missile crisis is resolved.

1963 Lord Beeching wields the axe on British Rail. Martin Luther King's "I have a dream" speech. John F Kennedy assassinated. Profumo scandal. Great Train Robbery. One of the coldest, snowiest winters on record.

1964 Beatlemania grips UK and US. Cassius Clay defeats Sonny Liston. Mary Quant pronounces Paris fashion "out of date".

1965 Rhodesia declares independence. US bombs North Vietnam. Britain appoints its first woman High Court judge.

1966 Swinging London revolves around Carnaby Street and Kings Road. Queen Mother undergoes major abdominal surgery. England win the World Cup. Aberfan disaster in Wales.

1967 Breathalyser introduced. Arab-Israeli War. Nigerian Civil War. Abortion and homosexuality are legalised.

1968 Enoch Powell makes Rivers of Blood speech. Ulster Troubles erupt with civil rights protests.

1969 Death penalty for murder permanently abolished in Britain. Prince of Wales's Investiture at Caernarvon. British troops sent to Northern Ireland. American Neil Armstrong becomes first man to walk on the Moon. Woodstock music festival.

1970 Voting age cut from 21 to 18. North Sea oil fields discovered. First jumbo jet lands at Heathrow. Edward Heath wins election for the Tories. Colonel Muammar Gaddafi takes over as leader of Libya.

1971 British entry into EEC agreed. Decimalisation - a new decimalised currency is launched in the UK. Angry Brigade bombs employment secretary's home.

1972 Miners' strike and power crisis - state of emergency declared. Industrial Relations Act disputes. Bloody Sunday. Duke of Windsor dies. First home video game system is released.

1973 Britain joins EEC. Princess Royal marries Captain Mark Phillips.

1974 Edward Heath loses narrowly to Harold Wilson who wins second general election. US president Richard Nixon resigns over the Watergate affair.

1975 Margaret Thatcher becomes Conservative Party leader. Sex Discrimination and Equal Pay Acts. End of Vietnam War.

1976 James Callaghan replaces Harold Wilson at No 10. One of the hottest summers on record. Concorde begins commercial flights.

1977 Lib-Lab pact. Grunwick picket clashes. Punk rock. Silver Jubilee. The Queen becomes a grandmother. Red Rum wins Grand National for a record third time.

1978 Rhodesia settlement. Anna Ford becomes ITN's first prime-time woman newscaster. Red Brigades kidnap former Italian premier Aldo Moro. World's first test tube baby, Louise Brown, is born in Oldham. Winter of Discontent strikes.

1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first woman prime minister. Queen's art adviser Anthony Blunt exposed as Russian spy. Fall of the Pol Pot regime in Cambodia. Islamic revolutionaries come to power in Iran.

1980 SAS storm Iranian Embassy. Runners Steve Ovett and Sebastian Coe win Olympic gold.

1981 Brixton riots. Prince of Wales weds Lady Diana Spencer. Unemployment reaches 2.5 million. Britain in recession. The launch of the first space shuttle - Columbia.

1982 Falklands War - the Duke of York is among those serving in the forces. Intruder in Queen's bedroom. Pope visits Britain. King Henry VIII's Mary Rose raised to the surface. Prince William born. Economic recession.

1983 US President Ronald Reagan's Star Wars speech. Russians shoot down Korean jetliner.

1984 IRA bombs Grand Hotel, Brighton. Indira Gandhi assassinated. Bob Geldof Ethiopia appeal. Miners' strikes.

1985 Bradford City football stadium fire kills 56. Heysel stadium riot kills 39. Live Aid concert held to raise money for Ethiopian famine.

1986 Funeral of Duchess of Windsor at Frogmore. Prince Andrew marries Sarah Ferguson.

1987 Zeebrugge disaster. The Great Storm sweeps through southern England. IRA bombs Enniskillen Remembrance Day parade. Hungerford massacre. King's Cross fire.

1988 Piper Alpha oil platform disaster. Lockerbie jumbo jet bombing. Government loses Spycatcher legal battle. Professor Stephen Hawking's A Brief History Of Time is published.

1989 Hillsborough disaster. Berlin Wall falls. Tiananmen Square massacre. Author Salman Rushdie goes into hiding. Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web.

1990 John Major becomes prime minister. Iraq invades Kuwait. Nelson Mandela is released from prison. Poll tax riots.

1991 Allies launch Operation Desert Storm in Gulf War against Iraq. Gorbachev resigns. Birmingham Six freed after 16 years in jail.

1992 The Queen's "annus horribilis" - The Princess Royal and Captain Phillips divorce, the Prince and Princess of Wales and the Duke and Duchess of York separate, Windsor Castle goes up in flames. Black Wednesday - the day Britain crashed out of the ERM. The break-up of Yugoslavia.

1993 Publication of Prince of Wales's intimate talk with Camilla Parker Bowles. IRA bombs Warrington. Buckingham Palace opens to the public. Stephen Lawrence is stabbed to death in Eltham, south east London.

1994 Labour leader John Smith dies. Queen and French president Francois Mitterrand open Channel Tunnel. 50th anniversary of D-Day. Prince of Wales admits adultery in TV documentary. IRA ceasefire. Queen visits Russia. Genocide in Rwanda.

1995 Official Aids cases pass one million mark. Barings Bank collapses. Terrorist gas attacks panic Tokyo and Yokohama. VE Day and VJ Day commemorated. Princess Diana's Panorama interview.

1996 The Duke and Duchess of York divorce. The Prince and Princess of Wales divorce. Mid-air crash in India kills more than 350. Fire in Channel Tunnel. Ban on exports of British beef amid BSE crisis.

1997 New Labour under Tony Blair beat Conservatives ending 18 years of Tory rule. Royal Yacht Britannia decommissioned. Diana, Princess of Wales dies in Paris car crash. Scotland and Wales vote for devolution. Dolly the Sheep cloned. Handover of Hong Kong from Britain to China.

1998 War breaks out in Europe as a Nato coalition attacks Yugoslavia. Digital TV launched. Operation Desert Fox in Iraq. Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland. Omagh bombing.

1999 Birth of single European currency, the euro. Prince Edward marries Sophie Rhys-Jones.

2000 A new millennium and the Queen Mother's 100th year. British rower Steve Redgrave makes Olympic history by winning his fifth consecutive gold medal. George W Bush becomes US president.

2001 September 11 terrorist attacks. Foot-and-mouth outbreak in UK. First space tourist. Britain joins US in strikes against the Taliban in Afghanistan.

2002 The Queen's Golden Jubilee. The Queen Mother and Princess Margaret die. Twelve European Union countries adopt the euro.

2003 Britain and the US go to war against Saddam Hussein's Iraq.

2004 Double Olympic gold for Kelly Holmes in 800m and 1500m in Athens. Asian tsunami kills more than 100,000.

2005 Pope John Paul II dies and is succeeded by Pope Benedict XVI. The Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles. London wins 2012 Olympics bid. July 7 terror attacks in London. Civil partnerships give same-sex couples legal rights.

2006 Former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein is hanged in Baghdad. Lebanon War.

2007 Gordon Brown replaces Tony Blair as prime minister. The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh celebrate their diamond wedding anniversary.

2008 Jury returns a verdict of unlawful killing in inquest into the death of Diana, Princess of Wales. UK enters a recession following the financial crisis. Barack Obama elected to become the first black US president.

2009 Singer Michael Jackson dies. Swine flu pandemic. MPs' expenses scandal.

2010 David Cameron becomes prime minister leading a Tory-Liberal Democrat coalition. The Queen becomes a great-grandmother. Volcanic ash cloud blowing in from Iceland grounds flights. Burma's pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi is released from house arrest.

2011 Middle East uprising. Japanese tsunami. Nato air raids on Libya.Prince William marries Kate Middleton at Westminster Abbey. Queen visits Ireland. The summer riots.


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